Type 2 Diabetes is a serious, lifelong condition where the insulin your pancreas makes can’t work properly, or your pancreas can’t make enough insulin, on this page we explain What Is Type 2 Diabetes
What Is Type 2 Diabetes
The understanding of type 2 diabetes (also called type 2 diabetes mellitus) can be a complicated job. Diabetes or hyperglycemia is a problem marked by high blood glucose levels and blood sugar levels. . If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes, your body will not be able to use insulin effectively; which is called insulin resistance.
Initially, the pancreas produces extra insulin to make up for it. However, with the passage of time it is not able to keep up and cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. The body resists the effects of insulin if you are suffering from type 2 diabetes. Moreover, production of insulin is not enough to keep normal glucose levels.
Signs Symptoms Type 2 Diabetes
Initial symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not much clear. You can have type 2 diabetes for years and remain unaware of it. Symptoms may be:
- Increased appetite. The scarcity of insulin causes irregular movement of sugar in your body cells, muscles and organs and causes energy depletion in the whole body. This raises your appetite levels fast.
- Excessive thirst and recurrent urination. This condition is caused by an excess of sugar building in your blood flow resulting in a pull of fluid from the tissues. Hence, you feel thirsty. This will result in a need to drink — and urinate — very often.
- Losing weight due to diabetes. In spite of eating too much and often, your weight will decrease. Due to the inability to properly absorb glucose, the body goes for some other energy stores like muscles and fats. Excessive urination causes loss of calories due to the release of glucose in urine.
- Sudden blurred vision that goes away. The high blood sugar causes the pulling of fluids for your lenses. This will lead to losing focus.
- Tiredness. The scarcity of sugar in your body cells ultimately causes fatigue and tiredness in your body.
- Delayed healing of Wounds or infections. In type 2 diabetes your ability to heal infections and wounds is markedly affected.
Function of Insulin
A hormone, which is produced by the pancreas and has numerous functions in your body, especially in the control of blood glucose levels and preventing hyperglycemia
- The pancreas is responsible for secretion of insulin into the bloodstream.
- The circulation of insulin causes sugar to enter your cell.
- Insulin is responsible for controlling body sugar levels.
- The pancreas secretes less insulin if your blood sugar levels are high.
Implications of Glucose
Glucose is the building source of muscles and other types of tissues.
- Food and liver are the two main sources of glucose in your body.
- The liver is a storage and producer of glucose.
- Insulin helps sugar absorption into the body cells.
- During low levels of glucose, like when you are hungry and not eaten for some time, the liver breaks down the reserved glycogen into glucose keeping the glucose levels normal.
While in type 2 diabetes, this whole process is disturbed. This causes building up of sugar into your body cell Instead of moving into your cells. This increase in blood sugar levels causes insulin-producing cells to release enough insulin leading to impairment of cells to make more of it.
Leading Cause Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can have several causing factors: among them, the major causes of type 2 diabetes can be genetics and lifestyle. These confounding factors may cause insulin resistance. , the most common cause of type 2 diabetes.
Genetics Role in Type 2 Diabetes
Although type 2 diabetes can be hereditary, it does not mean that if your mother or father has or had type 2 diabetes, you are sure to get it. It only increases the chances of developing this disease.
There is some evidence in researches that you can inherit a risk for type 2 diabetes, but it is difficult to say which genes are responsible for the risk. The medical community is although working hard to find that combination of genes, which may be causing it.
Further Reading: Management Of Type 2 Diabetes
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Garry (Type 1)