List Type 2 Diabetes Medications – What Your Doctor May Prescribe



List Type 2 Diabetes Medications

Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others). Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body’s sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively.

Meglitinides.  — such as repaglinide (Prandin) and nateglinide (Starlix) — work like sulfonylureas by stimulating the pancreas to secrete more insulin, but they’re faster acting, and the duration of their effect in the body is shorter

Sulfonylureas. These medications help your body secrete more insulin. Examples include glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase), glipizide (Glucotrol) and glimepiride (Amaryl).

Thiazolidinediones. Like metformin, these medications — including rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos) — make the body’s tissues more sensitive to insulin.

DPP-4 inhibitors. These medications — sitagliptin (Januvia), saxagliptin (Onglyza) and linagliptin (Tradjenta) — help reduce blood sugar levels, but tend to have a very modest effect

GLP-1 receptor agonists. These injectable medications slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels. Their use is often associated with weight loss. Exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon), liraglutide (Victoza) and semaglutide (Ozempic) are examples of GLP-1 receptor agonists

SGLT2 inhibitors. These drugs prevent the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar into the blood. Instead, the sugar is excreted in the urine. Examples include canagliflozin (Invokana), dapagliflozin (Farxiga) and empagliflozin (Jardiance).

For more information on Type 2 Medications and the possible side effects, Please read this post  Side Effects Diabetes Type 2 Medications


Garry ( Type 1)

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2 thoughts on “List Type 2 Diabetes Medications – What Your Doctor May Prescribe”

  1. Jason says:

    Never knew there was such an array of medications for diabetes. When I thought of diabetes I always thought of insulin as the medication being needed. Now that I’ve found out that I’m pre-diabetic I figured get right and start eating a healthier way or I’m in trouble. Now that I’m researching more I better change my lifestyle! I wouldn’t want to be on a regime of all those pills!

    1. Garry Brown says:

      Hi Jason, thanks for your comments, i’m glad you found the information useful. Yes avoid diabetes by lifestyle change if you can.

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