How to Manage Type 2 Diabetes – The Facts

How to Manage Type 2 Diabetes

While genes can play a role in type 2 diabetes, but the importance of lifestyle cannot be denied. For instance, you may be having a genetic combination, which is vulnerable to inheriting type 2 diabetes, but a well-maintained lifestyle can avert this risk.

This means, there are two individuals with the same genetic makeup. However, one of the practices is the healthy lifestyle of taking a balanced diet with proper exercise while the other does not care about his obesity. So, the person having obesity and careless about his diet will be more vulnerable to type 2 diabetes than the former. Below we explain how to manage type 2 diabetes

The Following lifestyle rituals can affect the development of type 2 diabetes:

  • Less exercise: We cannot deny the effectiveness of physical activity. It can surely prevent you from developing type 2 diabetes if you are vulnerable to it.
  • Poor diet plan: A ritual of eating rich fatty foods and having less intake of fiber also increases the chances of type 2 diabetes.
  • Weight management/Obesity: In the absence of proper diet plans, one is sure to develop the unwanted condition of obesity. The more you gain weight, the more you become insulin resistant and cause type 2 diabetes.
  • Supply of Fat: Storage of fat in the abdomen instead of other body parts like hips and thighs can lead to increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Less or No activity: The lesser you are the active person the more you are vulnerable to develop type 2 diabetes. Because any physical activity enhances your control over your weight and using glucose in the body which leads to making your cells more sensitive to insulin

SOME OTHER FACTORS:

Although it is not clear why some people develop type 2 diabetes, however after gaining an understanding of type 2 diabetes you can observe some common factors. Following are some of those:

  • Race: While it is uncertain why, people of some races — including blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asian Americans — are more vulnerable to develop type 2 diabetes than whites are.
  • Age Factor: The older you get, the more you are vulnerable toward developing type 2 diabetes, particularly after the age of 45. The possible cause may be less active routine and having no or less physical exercise rituals. However, there is evidence of an increase of type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents as well.
  • Prediabetes. It is the condition when there is a marked increase in blood sugar level but it does not meet the diagnostic criteria of type 2 diabetes. If it is ignored, this will lead to the rapid development of type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes. In some cases, if someone has suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy, then the chances of getting type 2 diabetes are higher. In addition, if the baby weight was over 4 kilograms during birth then the risk of type 2 diabetes is increased.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Those women who are having polycystic ovarian syndrome are also at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Treatment Options For Type 2 Diabetes

  • Natural treatments:
  • Medications diabetes 2:
  • Diet:

After gaining an understanding of type 2 diabetes and implementing the strategies properly, not only the pills can lead to a cure for type 2 diabetes but also a proper healthy lifestyle can be the best option.

  • Type 2 diabetes diet plans: Keeping a strict eye on your diet plan can be a major treatment of type 2 diabetes. Your diet plan can include fresh fruits, vegetables, and fat-free or low-fat diets. Special care is needed while eating food with a high glycemic index (GI). “High glycemic index foods are going to be primarily processed foods,” The reason is that processed foods contain high levels of sugar in them.
  • Weight Management: Losing weight can be a landmark achievement in the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes. There is no need to lose a huge weight. “If you already have type 2 diabetes, losing just 10 to 15 pounds can lower your glucose levels,” Losing 5 to 7 percent of weight can do the relief work for you. Special care is needed to control the abdominal fat. “The abdominal fat tends to increase insulin resistance,” Insulin resistance is really the heart of the problem with type 2 diabetes.”
  • Regular Exercise: Losing weight can be crucial but if you go for regular exercise, it can do the work for you. “When you do physical activity, such as walking, your muscle contractions push glucose out of your blood into your cells,” leading to better sugar and glucose levels in your body.
  • Sleep Regulation: It has been observed that many people with type 2 diabetes also suffer from sleep apnea, a condition in which your breathing stops temporarily. Well, a study published in 2013 in Family Medicine suggests that as many as one in two people with type 2 diabetes may have or be at high risk for sleep apnea, many of whom are undiagnosed.
  • Stress Management: Poor management of stress can lead to a higher risk of uncontrollable blood sugar rates. You should try different types of stress relieving exercises like yoga, meditation, etc.

The intake of fast food should also be restricted as well. These contain trans fats and high values of sodium which can be harmful if you are suffering from type 2 diabetes.

If you are a woman and have a waist of above 35 inches and if you are a man having a waist more than 40 inches, there is a dire need to lose weight for you for proper management of type 2 diabetes, a healthy diet, and regular aerobic exercise will cut down weight in the stomach area .

Different exercises can be effective including weight lifting and brisk walking on a regular basis can be the cure.

If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea, the risk of heart attack and stroke are increased.

Avoid alcohol and taking caffeine during bedtime. “When people are sleep-deprived, they crave high-energy or high-sugar foods, which can make weight gain more likely if it happens repeatedly,

Side Effects Diabetes Type 2 Medications

Initially, the treatment for type 2 diabetes blood glucose (sugar) control involves weight loss, proper exercise, and diet planning.

However, in some situations, if the above measures cannot control the proper blood sugar levels. Here comes the next step of taking a medicine that lowers blood glucose levels.

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The medicines include the following:

Biguanides: Biguanides is effective in decreasing the amount of sugar your liver is producing. They also decrease the amount of sugar absorbed by intestines, help your body to be more insulin sensitive, and let your muscles absorb the glucose. The most common among these biguanide is metformin (Glucophage, Metformin Hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet).

Metformin 

Metformin lowers your blood sugar levels by improving the way your body handles insulin. It’s usually prescribed for diabetes when diet and exercise alone have not been enough to control your blood sugar levels. It’s best to take metformin with a meal to reduce the side effects.

Different types of metformin

Metformin comes as 2 different types of the tablet – standard-release tablets and slow-release tablets.

  • Standard-release tablets release metformin into your body quickly. You may need to take them several times a day depending on your dose.
  • Slow-release tablets dissolve slowly so you don’t have to take them as often. One dose in the morning is usually enough.

Metformin Side Effects

  • Heartburn.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Bloating.
  • Gas.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Weight loss.

Does Metformin Work
Metformin does not increase insulin levels and does not cause hypoglycemia. Instead, it decreases the amount of sugar produced by the liver and tends to suppress appetite.

Metformin also works to lower blood sugar in two secondary ways: by increasing your sensitivity to insulin and decreasing the amount of glucose that is absorbed from the food you eat.

Patients also tend to see their cholesterol levels drop and an increase in sensitivity to insulin. Some metformin users lose weight because of the drug’s effect on appetite, naturally leading the patient to eat fewer calories.

Dopamine Agonist: Bromocriptine (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.

It’s not known exactly how this drug works to treat type 2 diabetes. It may affect rhythms in your body and prevent insulin resistance.

If diet or diet and metformin together do not work a type 2 diabetic may be put onto insulin injections.

CONCLUSION:

From the above understanding of type 2 diabetes, you may conclude that currently there is no specific cure for type 2 diabetes; the condition can be controlled through lifestyle modifications and medication. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive kind of diabetes and needs to be managed effectively to prevent complications, especially taking the major causes of type 2 diabetes seriously in the notice.

Further Reading What Is The Cure For Type 2 diabetes

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Thanks

Garry (Type 1)

How to Manage Type 2 Diabetes

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