Foot Care Diabetics Tips
As a diabetic individual, you must pay special attention to your feet because poorly controlled diabetes can cause damage to the nerves of your feet. Damage to the small nerve endings can lead to:
• Loss of sensation starting at the end of the toes and extending to the entire foot up to the bottom of the leg;
• Reduced ability to perceive pain or to feel hot and cold;
• A “pins and needles” or burning sensation in the feet;
• A weakening of the foot muscles, creating bony prominences and pressure points;
• The development of ulcers due to excess pressure combined with a loss of sensation;
• Drying of the skin, causing the formation of calluses on the bony prominences and support points
Lead to reduced blood flow due to the thickening and loss of elasticity of the arteries, thus delaying the healing of a wound. Weaken your immune system and thus your defense against microbial infection.
Wash your feet with lukewarm water and a mild non-perfumed soap. Dry thoroughly between and under the toes because excess humidity encourages infection.
• If you take a bath, don’t stay in the water longer than 15 minutes to avoid softening the skin. Check the temperature of the water with your elbow to avoid being burned.
• If your skin is dry, apply a thin layer of unscented moisturizing lotion over your entire foot, except between the toes.
• Examine your feet carefully in good lighting. You might need to use a mirror to see the soles of your feet. Ask for help, if necessary.
• Look closely between your toes because there may be wounds there that you don’t feel.
• Seek medical attention right away if you find any lesions or signs of infection, such as redness, heat or swellin
AFTER BATHING OR SHOWERING, ON A REGULAR BASIS
• File your nails with an emery board, always in the same direction, never back and forth. Do not use nail clippers or any other sharp metallic tool.
• Your toenails should not be shorter than the end of your toes, to avoid the growth of ingrown toenails.
• Gently rub calluses with a moistened pumice stone, always in the same direction, never back and forth.
• Do not try to remove an entire callus in one go.
• Do not attempt to remove corns yourself and never use over-the-counter corn-removal products or tools.
• If you have mobility or vision problems, or if you have lesions, large calluses, corns or ingrown toenails, you should use the services of a foot care professional.
SOCKS AND SHOES
• Change your socks every day or more often if your feet perspire.
• Choose light coloured socks so you can more easily detect any discharge from a wound or cut.
• Buy seamless socks to eliminate all sources of pressure on the skin. Avoid tight socks and knee-highs, which restrict blood flow. There is a large range of diabetic socks available on Amazon Here
• Buy your shoes at the end of the day when your feet are their most swollen. The sole should be flexible and the heel no higher than 5 cm (2 in.).
• Before putting on your shoes, check inside them for foreign objects or a bad fold in the lining, which could cause a wound.
• Wear rubber sandals in public places, such as pools, beaches or showers.
• Don’t walk barefoot, even at home.
• Wear socks to bed if your feet get cold during the night.
• Move your toes and ankles for several minutes, a few times a day, to improve blood flow.
• Never put a hot water bottle or heating pad on your feet. Do not put your feet on a radiator to warm them. You could burn your feet without realizing it due to reduced sensation.
MINOR FOOT WOUNDS
• Wash the wound with a clean cloth and cooled salt water.
• Rinse and gently towel dry.
• Cover the wound with a dry bandage while taking care not to squeeze the foot. Do not apply adhesive tape directly to the skin.
• Do not apply an antibiotic ointment without a medical prescription.
• When you are seated, elevate your leg on a stool to increase blood flow to the wound.
• Avoid walking on the wound.
• Check the wound every day for signs of infection, such as redness, pain, hot to the touch, swelling or discharge with a peculiar odour.
Please read my review on the Best 5 Foot Creams for diabetics
To buy Diabetic Foot Cream from Amazon.com Click Here
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Garry (Type 1)