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Firstly I would like to point out that most people will have no symptoms at the start of diabetic kidney disease, the very earliest signs of kidney damage will be picked up in a routine diabetic yearly health check. That is why it’s important you should have your blood, urine and blood pressure checked at least once a year.
The very earliest symptoms of diabetic kidney disease is a raised protein(Albumin) level in your urine, this means your kidneys are not filtering your blood as they should be. Other early symptoms may Include high blood pressure, swelling of the ankles, needing to empty your bladder more at night, morning sickness, weakness and high levels of creatinine in your blood
Late symptoms can include: itching, muscle cramps, loss of appetite, breathlessness, trouble sleeping at night, stomach pain, back pain, fever, nosebleeds, skin rash, tiredness, blood in your urine, low blood count, and sometimes a metallic taste
If you have one or more of the above symptoms it could be a sign of serious kidney problems. You should contact your doctor right away.
There are 2 tests your doctor can give you to find out if you have kidney disease. These are as follows:
Urine Test > to test the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR)
This will test if your urine contains Albumin(protein) If it does you may be asked to provide another sample the following morning. Albumin is a protein that is in our blood but should not be found in our urine.
Blood Test > to check your glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
The blood test will check the amount of creatinine in your blood which is a by-product of muscle tissue. Creatinine is usually removed from your blood by the kidneys but when your kidneys are damaged they have trouble removing creatinine. The amount of creatinine in your blood together with your age and sex determines what your GFR rate is.
Learn more about GFR rates and the 5 different stages of kidney disease by clicking here
When you eat food your body takes what it needs to stay healthy then puts the waste into your bloodstream for your kidneys to dispose of in your urine. They also filter waste which comes from the breakdown of muscles.
Your kidneys are also responsible for measuring chemicals like sodium, phosphorus, and potassium. They measure the amount needed to sustain life and put them back into the blood, and get rid of harmful excess into your urine.
The kidneys also keep check of the amount of water in our bodies, making urine to get rid of excess water. They also help to regulate your blood pressure, red blood cells, and certain hormones
The best way to protect your kidneys is to try to stay close to your optimal blood glucose and blood pressure numbers. Keeping to a healthy exercise and lifestyle regime and taking your medicines as prescribed can help you protect your kidneys as a diabetic. You are also more likely to develop kidney disease if you have diabetes and smoke, are overweight or have heart disease.
Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD) End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD),
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)
End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) Diabetic Nephropathy (DN)
Please read more about measures you can take to protect your kidneys by clicking here Best Vitamins For Kidney Health
Tags: Kidney Health