What are the Complications Of Diabetes
Most diabetic complications are due to poor blood sugar control, particularly over a long period.
High blood sugar levels can seriously damage parts of your body, including your feet and your eyes. These are called the complications of diabetes.
Diabetes Complications fall into 2 Catagories chronic and acute. Chronic complications are problems that can develop gradually, Acute complications can happen at any time, and they can lead to other complications too.
Please click on the name of the complication, to learn more
Hypoglycemia: Low Blood Sugar Levels
Hyperglycemia: High Blood Sugar Levels
Diabetic ketoacidosis: (DKA) a life-threatening emergency
Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia State: (HHS) A complication of type 2
Lactic acidosis: When a person overproduces or under uses lactic acid
Infected infusion sites: A complication suffered by Insulin Pump users
Lipohypertrophy: Lumps at injection sites
Dawn phenomenon High blood levels upon waking
Kidney Disease: Nephropathy
Nerve Damage: (Neuropathy)
Joint and Foot Problems:
Digestive & Bowel problems: gastroparesis
Teeth & Gum problems
irregular periods & problems getting pregnant
Many of the complications of diabetes are life changing or life threatening. However, patients who strictly control their blood glucose levels can delay, reduce the severity of, or even avoid these complications, most of which occur as a result of blood vessel disease.
It is important to keep your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol in a healthy range. You should learn these basic steps for managing diabetes and staying as healthy as possible. Steps may include:
- A healthy diet
To prevent heart disease and stroke, you may be asked to take medicine and change your diet and activity:
- You might be asked to take a medicine called an ACE inhibitor or a different medicine called an ARB, for high blood pressure or kidney problems.
- Your provider may ask you to take a medicine called a statin to keep your cholesterol down.
- You may be asked to take aspirin to prevent heart attacks.
- Regular exercise is good for people with diabetes.
- DO NOT smoke. Smoking makes diabetes complications worse.
To keep your feet healthy, you should:
- Check and care for your feet every day.
- Get a foot exam at least every 6 to 12 months
- Make sure you are wearing the right kinds of socks and shoes.
A dietitian will teach you about good food choices to lower your blood sugar and stay healthy.
See Your Doctor Often
If you have diabetes, you should see your doctor every 6 months.
- Ask about your blood sugar level (always bring your blood glucose meter to every visit)
- Check your blood pressure
- Check the feeling in your feet
- Check the skin and bones of your feet and legs
- Examine the back part of your eyes
Your doctor will also give you blood and urine tests to:
- Make sure your kidneys are working well
- Check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are healthy
- Check your A1C level to see how well your blood sugar is controlled
Diabetes increases your risk for many serious health problems. The good news? With the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications. It will not be easy avoiding some complications, controlling blood sugar levels is a hard task but I have members in my Facebook group who have been diabetic for 50+ years and have not got 1 single complication. (Unlike me with many complications after 20+ years)
Garry (Type 1)