Complications Of Diabetes -What Are the Risks, Symptoms & Treatment;

What are the Complications Of Diabetes

Most diabetic complications are due to poor blood sugar control, particularly over a long period.

High blood sugar levels can seriously damage parts of your body, including your feet and your eyes. These are called the complications of diabetes.

Diabetes Complications fall into 2 Catagories chronic and acute. Chronic complications are problems that can develop gradually, Acute complications can happen at any time, and they can lead to other complications too.

Please click on the name of the complication, to learn more

Acute Complications

Hypoglycemia: Low Blood Sugar Levels

Hyperglycemia: High Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetic ketoacidosis: (DKA) a life-threatening emergency

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia State: (HHS) A complication of type 2

Lactic acidosis: When a person overproduces or under uses lactic acid

Infected infusion sites: A complication suffered by Insulin Pump users

Lipohypertrophy: Lumps at injection sites

Dawn phenomenon High blood levels upon waking

Diabetic Comas:

Candida Overgrowth

Chronic Complications

Hypertension: High Blood Pressure

High Cholesterol

Heart Disease:Chronic Diabetic Complications

Eye Disease:

Kidney Disease: 

Nerve Damage: (Neuropathy)

Joint and Foot Problems:

Infections of the Skin:

Cognitive Issues

Digestive & Bowel problems: gastroparesis


macrovascular complications

microvascular complications

Teeth & Gum problems

Thyroid problem

Sexual dysfunction

irregular periods & problems getting pregnant

Poor wound healing

Take Charge Of Your Diabetes

Many of the complications of diabetes are life-changing or life-threatening. However, patients who strictly control their blood glucose levels can delay, reduce the severity of, or even avoid these complications, most of which occur as a result of blood vessel disease.

It is important to keep your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol in a healthy range. You should learn these basic steps for managing diabetes and staying as healthy as possible. Steps may include:

  • A healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Medicines

To prevent heart disease and stroke, you may be asked to take medicine and change your diet and activity:

  • You might be asked to take a medicine called an ACE inhibitor or a different medicine called an ARB, for high blood pressure or kidney problems.
  • Your provider may ask you to take a medicine called a statin to keep your cholesterol down.
  • You may be asked to take aspirin to prevent heart attacks.
  • Regular exercise is good for people with diabetes.
  • DO NOT smoke. Smoking makes diabetes complications worse.

To keep your feet healthy, you should:

  • Check and care for your feet every day.
  • Get a foot exam at least every 6 to 12 months
  • Make sure you are wearing the right kinds of socks and shoes.

A dietitian will teach you about good food choices to lower your blood sugar and stay healthy.

See Your Doctor Often

If you have diabetes, you should see your doctor every 6 months.

  • Ask about your blood sugar level (always bring your blood glucose meter to every visit)
  • Check your blood pressure
  • Check the feeling in your feet
  • Check the skin and bones of your feet and legs
  • Examine the back part of your eyes

Your doctor will also give you blood and urine tests to:

  • Make sure your kidneys are working well
  • Check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are healthy
  • Check your A1C level to see how well your blood sugar is controlled


Diabetes increases your risk for many serious health problems. The good news? With the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications. It will not be easy avoiding some complications, controlling blood sugar levels is a hard task but I have members in my Facebook group who have been diabetic for 50+ years and have not got 1 single complication. (Unlike me with many complications after 20+ years)


Garry (Type 1)


4 thoughts on “Complications Of Diabetes -What Are the Risks, Symptoms & Treatment;”

  1. Tammy Makhabu says:

    Twelve months ago I constantly had to go to the bathroom. I thought it was because I gave up soft drinks and was only drinking water. One day I had a stomachache. I was in bed for 4 days. The doctor’s appointment was for a Wednesday. I got sick and went to emergency room on a Monday. I was told my blood sugar level was 810 and I have diabetes. I was taking taking metformin 1000 mg twice daily. It Wasn’t really helping Last year, a family friend told me about Organic Herbal, i am happy to report the treatment effectively treated and reversed my Diabetes, most of the symptoms stopped, I’m able to eat well, sleep well and exercise regularly., I’m pretty active now and my attitude is extremely positive.

    1. Garry Brown says:

      Hi Tammy, I am glad taking herbal remedies helped with your diabetes. Thank you for leaving your comment.
      All the best. Garry

  2. Teri Calhoun says:

    Garry, I am going to have to copy this and study it in depth because there is just so very much information here. There is one thing in particular that I found surprising and that was the connection to thyroid disease. I was diagnosed with diabetes and thyroid disease at the same time and it was a little like the question, “which comes first, the chicken or the egg?” for me. And of course I would short circuit thinking about it. I also have skin problems. Psoriasis along with psoriatic arthritis. Thank you for clarifying that for me. I am so glad I found you.

    1. Garry Brown says:

      I think once you get diabetes Teri, everything else you get can in some way be contributed to your diabetes. I am glad my posts can help you in some way, that’s what I want to do, spread the information so people have a better understanding of diabetes.

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